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Teaching, Tolerance, Patience. Jesus was a gifted teacher, parables, comparisons and not least of all the model he provided made his circle of disciples into a spiritual school of life. For those who did not understand Jesus’s teachings, he never withdrew his love from them and constantly made new attempts to illustrate his message in more and more graphic terms. Jesus did not suppress his anger or hide it behind a friendly façade. Jesus did not live by double moral standards, whatever he preached he credibly translated into reality. He spared himself nothing, and his last three years cost him an enormous physical and psychic effort. The path to Christian perfection always runs across the collapse of our own moral effort and self-established ideas. We become perfect by accepting our own imperfection- this is part of the process of growth, that we make many mistakes. Jesus never condemns “fallen” people but accepts them. He never tolerated the condemnation of one person by another; but neither did he tolerate any objectively destruction behaviour by which people ruin themselves.

Care, Compassion and Solidarity: Jesus considered himself to be a servant of humankind. Despite his caring and solidarity, Jesus was no “helpless helper” The main motive of his loving care was compassion and friendship and not the hidden need to manipulate other or to “buy” God’s love and human recognition. Jesus perceived and lived his own needs. When he was exhausted by contact with people, he withdrew by himself to collect fresh energy through dialogue with God. Jesus could accept, and not just give, love; before he washed the feet of his disciples, he allowed a woman to anoint his feet with expensive perfume and to wipe them with her hair. In the garden in Gethsemane, he asked his disciples to watch with him and to share the burden of his spiritual struggles. He shared his fears with them and was sad that they took refuge in sleep when he really needed them. The invitation for the Ennea two is the call to freedom , freedom to commit yourself to liberate others, to help and to let oneself helped, the freedom to be alone and in the company of others –  to love without losing freedom and without abusing the freedom of others.

Ambition, Energy, Vision: Jesus wanted to achieve something, He had the vision of the reign of God and he did his utmost to preach and pursue this vision at the risk of losing. He accepted the role of Saviour that God had intended for him. Jesus was completely focused on his role and mission. As some point he was threatened with temptation – the only temptation of Jesus of which the Gospels speak directly. After forty days of fasting in the desert the “tempter” challenges him to make bread from stone to ease His hunger. That was not Jesus’s way – he withstood the temptation of the Three to seek success without frustration and disappointment, the miracle as cheap public relations show, the triumph without the cross. Jesus had leadership qualities He delegated his activity as a preacher and healer to his disciples while he was still alive; and through his teachings and his example, he provided them with the know-how of the reign of God that they would need later to carry on his work. Jesus certainly did not leave them in doubt that they would one day share his fate, rejection, arrest and murder – he put all his cards on the table

His powers of communication were amazing – he could reach masses, and in every situation, he found the right words to bring his message to the people. He could hold discussions with scholars and move the hearts of simple uneducated country people. Jesus was not indifferent to failure – after entry into Jerusalem he wept over the city that did not realize what makes for peace. Jesus knew that the victory he sought to achieve was a victory won consistently through the paradox of defeat. He chose a path that appeared to be a failure. Only this hope can prevent Three’s from clinging to the “security” of status and money, thereby missing the much greater possibilities of the reign of God.

Creativity, Sensitivity and Naturalness: Jesus was sensitive to his environment and had a rich emotional life. He could be “sky high” and be very “sorrowful”. The Gospel tell of His crying several times, when he heard of the death of his friend Lazarus. Th desperate situation of his people moved him to have compassion for them- he admitted this sadness and was not ashamed of these tears. Jesus had an eye for beauty in nature – flora and fauna inspired him, the lilies of the field, or the sparrow that doesn’t fall to the ground without the will of God.

Jesus also had a special feeling for symbols and dramatic effects – entering the Holy City of Jerusalem on an ass, the water in the well, laborers arguing about their pay. At the last Passover, Jesus uses bread and wine as concretely real symbols. Despite all the dramatic effects, Jesus ‘s way of living and speaking was unaffected and natural. He did not allow the world to be divided int “sacred and “profane” realms. For Him the whole world was holy and belonged to God. The calling of Jesus “inner circle” at first gives the impression that he was interested in assembling an elite group around himself (the elite consciousness of the four). But on closer inspection it seems that this was far from his mind. The disciples were mostly simple fishermen- “special” people were missing. In spite of being rejected by his family, his village, and the power elites of Israel, in spite that his own disciples do not understand him, Jesus does not fall into melancholy self-pity. Despite all his fears of loss he doesn’t leave the path he has to follow.

Distance, Sobriety and Wisdom: Jesus was able to distance himself, to withdraw, to claim undisturbed space for himself, and reject the demands for attention from his family and those around him. Jesus turned people away and sent them home when they wanted to follow him with fanatical enthusiasm. He demands of all who would like to follow him that they calmly consider the “costs” of this undertaking. The teachings of Jesus were carefully thought out – and lived out. He was able to rivet people, because they felt that he knew what he was talking about. At the end of the Sermon on the Mount, Matthew report: “And when Jesus finished these saying, the crowds were astonished at his teachings, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. Again, and again Jesus retreated into silence to put his thoughts in order and to find the way back to the centre through prayer. The retreat was not an end itself – it served him to prepare beforehand, and excess afterwards his active service of men and women. Jesus did not give into the temptation to remain an indifferent spectator or observer of the world – he seeks close contact with people and let himself be drawn into the dirt and the pits. The “word” does not remain word, through philosophical explanation, but becomes flesh and thus a world-changing art, Jesus talked about intellectual arrogance – and illustrated many times that He does not refuse to share his knowledge and understanding, experiences with others,

Fidelity, Obedience and Trust: Jesus had “inner authority” which grew out of the trusting relationship to his heavenly father. This inner authority freed him from outer authorities and norms. He had the freedom to obey laws, rules, and traditions, as long as they were not taken to be the “real thing”. Jesus could and did contravene any norm or rule when it did not serve human beings, but was misused by religious, political leaders to oppress people. This is particular apparent with his treatment of the Sabbath. He especially like to heal the sick on the Jewish holy day of rest, in order to show that the Sabbath was instituted by God so that creation could regenerate and recover. His healings served this purpose and are signs that God wants to re-establish the original wholeness: “The Sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the Sabbath (Mark 2:27). Jesus was obedient in the strict sense of the word only to God and to his own calling. Again, and again Jesus invited people to overcome their fear and to trust in God: “Do not fear, only believe” (Mark 14:36). Jesus did not want any hierarchy in the circle of his disciples: He Said: whoever would be great among you must be your servant, and whoever would be first among you must be your slave (Matt 20:25-27

Festiveness, joie de vivre, pain: Jesus was no child of sadness. The enjoyment of life’s pleasures that Jesus and his disciples exhibited were sometimes conspicuous that he was accused of being a “glutton” Jesus did enjoy being invited to dinner and it made no difference to him whether the invitation came from law abiding Pharisees, a leper, or a politically suspect, tax collected, or prostitute. The message of Jesus can be summed up in one sentence: God wants people to rejoice and to find true happiness. Even at his birth, the angel tells the shepherds of “great joy” which will come to all people “(Luke 2:10). In His farewell he tells them that their sorrow will turn into joy and their joy will be full. But Jesus also warns against a false and superficial joy. Boundless pleasures at the cost of the poor. Jesus did not try to avoid pain thought his life – He does not show us a path around life, but rather all the way through life, which means not substitute our lives with gluttony but surrender to companionship, joy.

Confrontation, Clarity and Authority: Jesus knew what he wanted. He defended his position without compromise and steadfastly bore the consequences of his words and actions. “Let what you say be simply “Yes” or “No” (Matt 5:37). The decisiveness of Jesus was threatening to the ruling class. The people felt his inner authority; above all, the simple people, who suffered most under the social and religious injustices, followed him in the greatest crowds. Shortly after his arrest he made provocative remarks: He made statements such as : “ tax collected and prostitutes will go into the kingdom of heave before you”, you hypocrites he said to the scribes and Pharisees – you do all your deeds to be seen by men. Jesus stands on the side of the weak and takes up their cause, He may have treated the rules roughly, but he is tender with the weak and those in need of help. Jesus was strong but not invulnerable – he resisted the temptation to use power that was available to Him., His church often succumbed to the temptation of violence, power politics. Jesus, however, chose the power of powerlessness, he disarmed the principalities and powers and made a public example of them, triumphing over them.

Composure, Peace ableness, Love: Despite his untiring creative power, Jesus radiated calm and peace. In the most difficult situations Jesus was calmness itself. In the middle of the storm he lay on a cushion in the bow of the fishing boat and slept. This calmness is an expression of a deep inner peace and of his trust in God. When his disciples are alarmed and frightened, he tells them they are “of little faith”. (Mark 4:35-41). Sleep is seen as a gift of God “ he gives to his beloved sleep, says (Ps 127:2). , but the other side of sleep is also familiar – it can sometimes be a sign of dullness or a place of escape, where people can avoid decisions and responsibility. In Gethsemane the disciples escape into sleep, because they don’t want to feel the conflict

For Jesus peace was anything from idleness, love activated him, He was decisive and conscious of his goal. His love did not judge and exclude no one. His life work was the reconciliation of people with God and the reconciliation of people with each other. Nines love community and need it in order to be motivated and inspired. Christ lived community and expected his disciples to become active. Every person was precious to him.                          (Rohr R: 2013: The Enneagram:A Christian Perspective )

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